Then the Pharisees went and plotted to entrap him in what he said. So they sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodians, saying, ‘Teacher, we know that you are sincere, and teach the way of God in accordance with truth, and show deference to no one; for you do not regard people with partiality. Tell us, then, what you think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to the emperor, or not?’ But Jesus, aware of their malice, said, ‘Why are you putting me to the test, you hypocrites? Show me the coin used for the tax.’ And they brought him a denarius. Then he said to them, ‘Whose head is this, and whose title?’ They answered, ‘The emperor’s.’ Then he said to them, ‘Give therefore to the emperor the things that are the emperor’s, and to God the things that are God’s.’ When they heard this, they were amazed; and they left him and went away.
What about taxes Jesus? Surely you cannot agree with them.
Nobody likes paying taxes, especially when there is a little bit, or a lot, added on by the local collector…
Surely our money should be going to God and not supporting a human ruler?
Surely should be exempt, make a stand, refuse to pay?
What do you say Jesus? Of course, if you say we do not need to pay we can report you to the authorities, let them know you are against them, encouraging others not to fulfil their civic responsibility.
Then we would have you and we would not need to do it ourselves.
You want a coin? Well yes, of course it has the rulers head on, that is what coins do.
So, it is his money. We need to pay our dues, contribute for what we expect back, pay our share of the services we use and to support those who cannot pay as much as we can?
And having done that we can give to God what is his.
It is not an either-or situation, it is both.
Giving to God does not stop us giving what we owe to society.
Forgive me Lord when I am looking for excuses to not share my resources, to pay as little as possible, while expecting much in return.
You were delayed Moses, you didn’t come back when we wanted you to.
We didn’t know where you were or what you were doing and we, so we thought, couldn’t wait.
You didn’t act God, when and how, we wanted , thought we needed you to.
So, we took matters into our own hands. made ourselves a god, a god that looked like we thought it should, would do what we wanted it to.
And we worshipped it, the god of our own making, our design, to meet our purposes.
Forgive me Lord, when I have failed to wait for you, your time, your best ways.
When I have taken things into my own hands tried to make you be like I want you to be, to look like the kind of God I think I need.
When I have made you in my image and offered my all, my precious gifts to that poor imitation.
May I learn to wait for you, for your timing, not try to force you hand, but to live by your ways, for you are God, the only God I need, the only one worthy of my praise and worship.
The Golden Calf
When the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people gathered around Aaron and said to him, ‘Come, make gods for us, who shall go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.’ Aaron said to them, ‘Take off the gold rings that are on the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.’ So all the people took off the gold rings from their ears, and brought them to Aaron. He took the gold from them, formed it in a mould, and cast an image of a calf; and they said, ‘These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt!’ When Aaron saw this, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation and said, ‘Tomorrow shall be a festival to the Lord.’ They rose early the next day, and offered burnt-offerings and brought sacrifices of well-being; and the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to revel.
The Lord said to Moses, ‘Go down at once! Your people, whom you brought up out of the land of Egypt, have acted perversely; they have been quick to turn aside from the way that I commanded them; they have cast for themselves an image of a calf, and have worshipped it and sacrificed to it, and said, “These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt!” ’ The Lord said to Moses, ‘I have seen this people, how stiff-necked they are. Now let me alone, so that my wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them; and of you I will make a great nation.’
But Moses implored the Lord his God, and said, ‘O Lord, why does your wrath burn hot against your people, whom you brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? Why should the Egyptians say, “It was with evil intent that he brought them out to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth”? Turn from your fierce wrath; change your mind and do not bring disaster on your people. Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, your servants, how you swore to them by your own self, saying to them, “I will multiply your descendants like the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have promised I will give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it for ever.” ’ And the Lord changed his mind about the disaster that he planned to bring on his people.
A bonus mini sermon this week, written as part of the postal ministry in our Circuit for those who can neither access online worship or physically worship in a building at the moment.
Matthew 21:33-46 Exodus 20:1-4, 7-9, 12-20
In our garden we have some raised beds at the perfect height where I can sit and gently plant seeds, pull up weeds and lovingly tend the plants. We have had some successful vegetable crops over the years – this year less so, with the sum total of two beetroot in four meters of beds…
When we go away, we arrange for someone to come in and look after them for us – water them and make sure no pests are getting at them. We are more than happy to share the bounty, but I would be a bit upset if I found that they had claimed the crops, the beds and all the tools for their own, in return for a few days caring.
In today’s gospel reading, we have the picture of a beautiful vineyard. Well established, well equipped, well maintained and in good fruit. The owner brings in tenants to care for his property. The vineyard owner provided the very best equipment, all that was needed. It is not a rundown vineyard in need of repair, but well equipped and productive. It was not given to the tenants but left in their care. No doubt their contract laid out both what was expected of them – and what they would receive in return. It did, however, remain the property of the owner. But these tenants decide to hijack it for their own and turn away anyone who comes looking for the owner’s rightful share.
Jesus tells us a parable about God’s world, and about his kingdom. Psalm 24 tells us that the earth is the Lord’s and everything in it. He is the owner; we are trusted to care for all he has given.
We are very aware of the bad effects we have had on the earth that God has left us to look after. Collectively we have been poor tenants. In terms of a vineyard it is overrun with weeds and pests, we have overworked the land, mistreated it and we have failed to water and feed it. We have much to repent of, much wisdom to hear and much more to do in terms of how we are good tenants of the property we have been given.
But this parable is about much more than that. Jesus is in Jerusalem; these are the closing chapters of Matthew’s gospel. Jesus is working urgently to get his message across – and he knows he is going to be rejected. Many have come before to bring God’s message to share what God longs to say to his people, to share with them how they should be living for and with God – and they have all been rejected. Now in God’s final attempt, he has sent his son. If they will not listen to others, surely, they will listen to him. If they will not listen, surely, they will look at how he lives and get the message.
The Old Testament Reading for today is The Ten Commandments. God had already laid out the rules, the best way to live, the way that would honour God and be best for the people. Everyone knows how to behave, it is there, quite literally written in stone, yet people had not got it. They had wandered a long way from it, despite God’s many attempts to remind them, to call them out on their avoidance of and disobedience to those Best Guidelines for Living. They had continually refused to hear the message and wanted to do things their own way.
They did not want to listen, and they did not want to go that way. They rejected God’s messengers and the message. Now they are in danger of rejecting the most important one, God’s own son – the one who was in fact the cornerstone of life, living and all that we should be.
So, what about us? What questions does this raise for us in our life and faith today?
Firstly, what has God left us caring for? We are God’s representatives, God’s tenants in the world God made. God created a perfect world and left us with all the tools we need.
> We are left to care for the earth. To tend it lovingly, as if it were our own. We hold it and use it on behalf of God, but also on behalf of our fellow humans, in this generation and the many to come.
>We are also left to care for the church. It is no more ours to own and claim than the earth. We are stewards of it. We are not to use it for our own purposes, but to hold it in trust for everyone. It is God’s church and any growth and fruit it produces are God’s and to God’s glory.
>We are left to care for justice. Making sure that everyone gets their fair share is not just about the vineyard; it is about the whole of the earth. A fair legal system, good health care for all, a voice for those who cannot be heard, an equitable distribution of wealth, support for those who cannot support themselves. They are all part of care and making sure that The Landowner, God, gets God’s share of the wealth.
My second question is, who comes today to collect God’s share? Who should we be sharing God’s bounty to us with? What in our lives is rightfully Gods? I know, that’s three questions, but they are all wrapped up in one: what do I have, that God has given me, that I am meant to share with those God sends my way? God has blessed me with so much, not just in monetary terms, but also community, the unique people I meet that others may not, my personality, my gifts – how do I share those? You will have your own list of blessings, how will you share those, to offer them back to God as God’s due?
And finally, the stark question in this passage is who do I turn away, reject, or fail to listen to? Who do I reject because I do not like what they say, or they ask more than I want to give? What am I in danger of missing because I rejected the most important person? Perhaps I did not recognise them, because they did not look like I was expecting, I thought they were unimportant, or I thought I could get away with not doing what was asked or expected. And in doing so, perhaps I rejected Jesus and his place in my life. Perhaps I missed an opportunity to in part repay some of what God has given to me. We reject people at our peril. For we do not want to be turning away God, missing the opportunity to share all God has given to us and returning to God all that he is due.
How often Lord have I rejected those you send to me?
Tried to keep what you grow just for myself and my group?
How often have I turned away people sent by you, eager to keep you to myself?
How often, if I am honest, have I turned away Jesus when he has tried to come to me?
How often have I refused to give you your dues, your glory, what you deserve of my life and tried to keep it myself.
How often Lord have I missed you, the most important of all?